The boot camp concept came from the military where soldiers are trained in a short intense program, so they are skilled to meet the challenges of war.
Some people got the idea that this concept could be used to discipline youth, so they were focused to meet life. Unfortunately the concept were copied and used on children without realizing that the bodies of the children were not fully grown. Deaths began to appear. At the same time, research conducted of former participants who had been sent to boot camps were compared with people who had served time in Juvenile Detention centers did show that it made no difference what so ever who the teenagers were locked up.
Still an alarming number of teenagers returned to a life of crime after graduating boot camp. Boot camps as punishment has in general been closed down but a few continue to exist.
Here are some links about deaths in boot camps:
- Martin Lee Anderson: Died in boot camp in Florida. The authorities tried to cover the case up but failed (Wikipedia
- Gina Score: Gina Score’s Death Remembered (Keloland media group)